Mongolia Country in East Asia information and photo #Mongolia – Mongolia flag, maps, people, coloring pages and more. Mongolia, a nation bordered by China and Russia, is known for its vast, rugged expanses and its nomadic people. Its capital, Ulaanbaatar, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, named for the notorious founder of the 13th- and 14th-century Mongol Empire. Also in Ulaanbaatar are the National Museum, displaying historic and ethnographic artifacts, and the restored 1830 Gandantegchinlen Monastery.
Population: 2.839 million (2013) World Bank
President: Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
Prime minister: Chimed Saikhanbileg